An Ultimate Guide to Writing Scientific Essays
Students are put to multiple tests. Writing essays is amongst the most popular ones. There are different types of essays and each has its own unique demands and purposes. Besides, almost every essay must be scientific. It means that a student ought to carry out scientific research and provide some approved official data. The main claim of an essay must be supported by examples based on real evidence.
As all essays are different, it becomes hard to cope with them. Their purposes differ. Nonetheless, there are many common things that are applicable to all essays. If you know them and fulfill correctly, you will sufficiently increase your chances to succeed. This informative guide covers these things. Take a look at the following list:
- Make a proper structure.
- Find evidence.
- Prove the hypothesis.
- Be critical.
- Be concise.
- Don’t complicate.
- Make correct citations and references.
Let’s review and discuss these points.
Structure means a lot and it cannot be changed. All essay types have the same structure:
- Main body.
The proper structure provides clarity and organizes the working process. Your readers won’t get lost in your thoughts because they will be reflected in a clear sequence. The introductory section gives general data. A writer should implement a hook to grab the attention of his/her readers. This should be something interesting and useful. Thus, one may begin with a question, contradictory claim, quotation and so on. At the end of the introduction, it’s required to write a thesis statement.
A thesis statement is the strongest and most important part of any scientific paper. It must be pretty informative and fully reveal your main purpose. Clarify why your essay is so important. It also gives so to speak a birth to the main body. The main writing paragraphs should develop the thesis and every argument ought to support it. Accordingly, you should base your research and provide samples with regard to the thesis you choose. A team of ENL writers from a professional essay writing service emphasize that all paragraphs should:
- Cover one argument at a time;
- Always support the thesis statement;
- Logically connect to the previous paragraph.
Next comes the conclusion. It draws the final line of the entire research. You should restate the main claim of your essay, justify it, and provide the results. It’s necessary to interpret the results. Tell what you’ve managed to find out, what your expectations were before you started the research and how they (probably) changed in the end. Perhaps, you didn’t manage to reach the final goal. If it’s so, don’t be afraid to confess that. Promise that you’ll return to this task in the next works.
You’re obliged to find relevant data. Your main claim, as well as every sub-claim, should be supported with some examples and explanations. Consequently, look for trustworthy facts and use them in your scientific essay. Verify their dependability. These may be works of other authors, some independent research and general facts. Use electronic and printed sources. Make sure your informative sources fully reflect your topic.
It’s demanded to provide proof that your hypothesis is correct. To do that, you should generate a list of possibilities and make experiments. Not all postulating hypotheses are correct. Commonly, researchers reject all hypotheses save a single one. That remaining hypothesis is the one you should protect and feed with effective and convincing examples.
The basis of your statement is your critical thinking. Mind that if you simply criticize a study you don’t fulfill what is expected. You are expected to show your readers that you really understand what you analyze and explain that. Separate the incidental factors, remain objective, implement relevant explanations and so on. Give a fair evaluation of the facts you implement into your text, mention what is right and which hypotheses are incorrect, explain that with the help of plain examples, comment on the methods you use and so on.
Another recommendation is also important though many people forget about it. You should be concise. It has several values. First of all, you should use shorter explanations. Thus, don’t write “It is believed that…” Instead of such phrases, write “The research shows that…”
Secondly, don’t write too long sentences. Of course, there may be several sentences that ought to belong because they shouldn’t be separated to reveal the main idea. Nonetheless, most of them can be successfully broken into smaller ones. Reread your sentences and if they are too long, think about how to make two sentences out of one sentence.
Thirdly, many students tend to add junk sentences. They don’t reveal something really worthy and important for the research. You should cut them out and be straight to the point.
Many students use too many technical terms that are known to a narrow circle of people. It’s a big mistake. You ought to use words and terms that can be easily identified and understood by most people. Otherwise, your work will be some sort of “abracadabra”. If the use of an unknown term is inevitable, provide clear explanations.
Of course, you should take care of your citations and references. They should be composed in strict accordance with the assigned writing format. It is MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard, and the others. Obligatorily learn all the details on the format. Don’t miss a single point or you will lose important grades.